Psyche :: The Personification of Human Soul
Homeopathic Journal :: Volume: 4, Issue: 3, Jan, 2011 (Editorial) - from Homeorizon.com
|Article Updated: Jan 17, 2011|
Wishing all of you a New Year filled with success, prosperity and happiness.
In the first Issue of this year we will share with you about Psychology and its relation to Homeopathy.
The word Psychology originates from two Greek words: Psyche, which means the mind or the soul and logos, which means study i.e. Psychology is the scientific study of the behavior of living organisms. This field owes its origin to the word 'Psyche' which in itself deals with the essence of subject. Psyche is a name of Greek mythological origin whose roots lie in the Ancient Greek word for 'to breathe' ultimately conveying a deeper meaning, with the etymology of 'the soul'. The earliest record about the use of this word is in the myth of Eros and Psyche, or Cupid and Psyche wherein Psyche was the beautiful princess. Not strictly mythological, the story may have been invented by Lucius Apuleius in 2AD as a digressionary story for his novel 'The Golden Ass', but some argue that it remains part of the Greek Mythology Canon.
In the story, Psyche was a beautiful mortal who evoked the jealousy of Venus. Venus sent Cupid to make sure that Psyche fell in love with the vilest, ugliest creature on earth, but in doing so, Cupid fell in love with her himself - some say by pricking himself on his own arrow. Because none offered to marry Psyche, her parents asked an oracle for help, who said that her parents should leave her on a mountain. Afterwards, she was carried away to a magical valley by the west wind and there Cupid visited her every night to make love to her, but demanded that she never light any lamps, since he did not want her to know who he was. She was, however, allowed to visit her family and her jealous sisters told her that her visitor was in fact a hideous monster. They urged her to conceal a knife and lamp in her room, which she did, and in the light of the lamp she recognized Cupid as he slept. Unfortunately she cut herself on one of his arrows and, under the power of the spell, lent to kiss him, dripping hot oil on him in her haste and waking him, causing a furious Cupid to leave since she had broken the promise she made him. Later, Psyche visited her sisters and told each one that Cupid had chosen them as his wife instead, causing them to try to jump from the mountain in hope that they would be carried away like she was, falling to their death. Determined to find Cupid again, she offered her services to Venus. The first task was to sort out a pile of grains by nightfall, which she did with the aid of ants who took pity on her. The second, to collect golden wool from a flock of divine grazing sheep, was accomplished with the help of a river god. Finally an angry Venus sent her to ask Persephone in the underworld for a bit of her beauty in a box. Returning, she thought nobody would notice if she took a bit of the beauty for herself, and a sleep overcame her. Cupid rescued her, and shortly afterwards they were married and she was taken to live with the gods, Venus reluctantly forgiving her.
Beneath the story's romantic presentation lies a profound theme: the quest of the human soul, Psyche. The Greek word psyche, means soul, self, Psyche thus represents the human soul - the neophyte-soul who passes the ordeal and is "resurrected" from mortal to immortal awareness. She begins the long search during which hardship, disappointment, failure are the hallmarks of soul growth. Eventually she reaches a higher dimension requiring qualities which she brings forth as she completes the tasks that "no ordinary mortal can complete."
The teachings presented in this tale deal with human consciousness, Psyche being its personification- with its fall from high, its captivity in realms of material illusion, its ages-long wanderings, and its metamorphosis as it awakens and recollects with increasing clarity its divine origin and nature. Thenceforth it endeavors to rise, as a butterfly freed from its chrysalis, into higher dimensions where it lives among the immortals.
The word, Psyche has later been used to represent the "the soul, mind spirit, breath, life, the invisible animating principle or entity which occupies and
directs the physical body". Later around 1910 the word came to be associated in psychological sense and its now that we understand it as the ground-stone of Psychology as a science.
So here in this issue we present to you a detailed study about Psychology, its schools, its branches, its study and its relation to Homeopathy as a science. Hoping that you start the year on a beautiful note.Enjoy reading!!