Periodontal Diseases and Homeopathy
Homeopathic Journal :: Volume: 5, Issue: 3, Jan 2012 (General Theme) - from Homeorizon.com
|Article Updated: Jan 22, 2012|
Most people have at least one case of mild gum disease during their lifetime. It may range from simple pain to swelling and even to bleeding from gums. This whole range of complaints is termed as periodontal disease.
The word periodontalliterally means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support the teeth. The gums do not attach to the teeth as firmly as one might think. A shallow, V-shaped gap called a sulcus exists between the teeth and the gums. Periodontal disease affects this gap. Eventually, in periodontal disease, the tissues supporting the tooth break down. If only the gums are involved in this breakdown, the disease is called gingivitis. If only the connecting tissues and bone are involved, it is called periodontitis.
Causes of Periodontal diseases:
The primary cause of gum diseases is Plaque, which is formed when colonizing bacteria try to attach themselves to tooth.
Factors contributing to periodontal diseases include:
- Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Weak Immunity: Because of a dulled immune response and less oxygen in the mouth, smokers are 2-7 times more likely to develop periodontitis than nonsmokers.
- Diabetes worsens periodontal disease. If a person's blood sugar level is poorly controlled, a worse infection, poor healing, and a greater loss of bone and connective tissue are likely.
- Stress increases certain hormones that make a person more susceptible to infection. Pregnancy and birth control pills can also increase hormone levels.
- Steroids, antiseizure medicines, cancer medicines, and blood pressure medicines can all affect the gums. Some drugs decrease the flow of saliva, irritating the mouth and making it prone to infection.
- Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis, make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor for the development of gingivitis.
Periodontal (Gum) Disease Symptoms
- Gingivitis includes swelling and bleeding of the gums, bad breath, or a bad taste in your mouth. Good teeth-brushing and flossing can reverse the affects of gingivitis.
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis(ANUG) is an advanced and invasive form of gingivitis that causes sore gums and a whitish membrane on the gums.
Gingivitis causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when the teeth are brushed. Because gingivitis usually doesn't cause pain, many people don't get the treatment they need.
- Periodontitis occurs when bacterial toxins and enzymes destroy the connective tissue and bone.
- The gums draw back, and the roots of the teeth are exposed. The teeth may become very sensitive to temperature changes, or new cavities can develop.
- The pocket between the tooth and the gums deepens; plaque in this area is very difficult to remove. Bacteria invade the surrounding structures.
- When the gums pull away from the teeth, pus develops between the teeth and the gums or the permanent teeth become loose in their sockets. Teeth may become loose, fall out, or have to be extracted by a dentist.
There are many forms of periodontitis. The most common ones include the following:
- Aggressive periodontitis occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
- Chronic periodontitis results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
- Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases often begins at a young age. Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.
Prevention of Periodontal disease
Gum disease is most common in adults, but it can affect anyone, even children. So good dental habits are important throughout your life:
- Regular and careful brushing of teeth twice a day, in the morning and before bedtime, with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss teeth once each day.
- Visit your dentist for regular checkups and teeth cleaning.
- Don't use tobacco products.
- Consuming foods containing significant amounts of polyunsaturated fats such as fatty fish like salmon, peanut butter, margarine, and nuts have been linked to reduced periodontal complaints.
Having gum disease may increase a pregnant woman's risk of having a premature, low-birth-weight baby. Also, studies have found a direct link between heart diseaseand the bacteria that cause gum disease. So taking good care of teeth and gums may have benefits beyond keeping the mouth healthy.
Homeopathic medicines not only remove the complaints of Periodontal diseases but also stop their further progress. But a quich visit to dentist for cleaning the teeth, removing plaques and debris catalyses the cure process.
Some most common remedies for a Homeopathic Dentist Chest are:
Spongy gums and Halitosis (bad breath)
Gums bleed, teeth loosen, they get decayed even after filling.
Colour of teeth changes, they become hollow; bleeding from the gums.
Teeth decay very fast at the roots. Pain extends to face and ears (facial neuralgia).
Infection of the gums of rickety children sweat of head and feet, the abdomen becomes distended.
Gums spongy, recedes, bleed easily. Toothache from hot, cold or salty food.
Separation of teeth from gums
If the teeth get separated from the gums, they loosen, become spongy, bleeding from the gums at the time of brushing, feeling of pain when eating cold and hot things.
Teeth become separated from the gums, pus come out, pyorrhoea. Ulcers of mouth, mouth is full of saliva.
Pour 10 drops of its mother tincture in a cup of warm water and wash the mouth.
Swelling or boil in the gums
Swelling of the gums with intolerable pain. Cheeks swell because of gum swelling, a boil could also occur in the gums. The patient gets lot of sweat, mouth is full of saliva but thirst is present.
The boil will either subside or desuppurate.
Throbbing in the boil or swelling of the gum.
Should be tried if the gums are unhealthy, retracted and there is a tendency to decay of the teeth. They turn black and crumble as soon as they appear (Kreosote) a condition found in sycotic children. It relieves the gnawing pain in the roots of decayed teeth affecting a whole row. The gums become spongy, the sub-maxillary glands are swollen, salivation and pyorrhoea is present, at times.
Is selected when there is a very rapid decay of teeth with spongy and bleeding gums, teeth dark and crumbling. There is a putrid odour and bitter taste.
This remedy is also used as external application in agonizing toothache.
Phosphorus is the prime remedy. But when there is no improvement from Phos. Use it.